Nassim Haramein and Amira K. F. Val Baker have written a paper that extends Haramein's holographic mass technique/approach to the electron. This approach is derived from first principles and fundamental Planck units based on a geometric and informetric/entropic ratios.

From http://hiup.org/publications/: (link to Haramein's publication)

#### The Electron and the Holographic Mass Solution

**Haramein, N & Val Baker, A. K. F. (2016). The Electron and the Holographic Mass Solution,**

*ATINER 4th International Conference of Physics: Abstract Book*, Page 14
Let's look at the black hole, proton, and the new electron mass equations, in general form before we break it down into specifics:

$$m_{BH}={m_\ell \over \phi}$$

$$m_p={2\phi m_\ell}$$

$$m_e={1 \over 2\alpha}\phi_e m_\ell$$

$m_{BH}=$ Schwarzschild mass of the black hole

$m_p=$ mass of the proton

$m_e=$ mass of the electron

$m_\ell=$ Planck mass

$\phi={\eta\over R}=$ Holographic ratio

$\phi_e={\eta\over R}=$ electron Holographic ratio

$\eta=$ Surface entropy

$R=$ Volume entropy

$\alpha=$ fine-structure constant

$\alpha=$ fine-structure constant

The general form for mass is:

$$mass=f(\phi)m_\ell$$

where we simply need to know the function of $\phi$ required for the object in question. Determining this function phi requires a little insight into the nature of the object and the geometric and informetric ratios. This is an area we'll explore more later.

The solution for the electron proceeds exactly the same as for the black hole and the proton, basically calculating $\eta$ and $R$ using the Bohr radius, $a_0$, for the electron. Details are in the paper linked above, and we will go over it more in later posts.

**Significantly**, in addition to the electron mass, Haramein has provided new, more accurate DERIVATIONS of the

**Rydberg constant, fine-structure constant, and proton to electron mass ratio equation**and the derivation and his approach gives insight into the origin and nature of the constants and may even be able to address "discrepancies between experimental and theoretical values."

This cannot be emphasized enough how significant it is, the insight Haramein's analysis gives into these constants and the source and nature of mass of matter.

Over the next few posts we'll go into more detail, as this is enough for now.

The Revolution in Particle Physics continues!!!